The diet in diabetes mellitus is the primary tool of treatment (control) of disease, the prevention of the acute and chronic complications. What type of diet you choose, the more it all will depend on the results. You have to decide what kind of products you are going to consume and what to exclude, how many times in the day and the hour of eating, and if you are going to count and restrict calories. The dose of the pills and the insulin will adjust to the diet selected.
The diet in diabetes: what you should know the sick
Goals of treatment of diabetes type 1 and 2:
- keep the sugar in the blood that are valid in the framework of the;
- to reduce the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and other acute and chronic complications;
- have constantly the well-being, resistance to colds and other infections;
- lose weight if the patient has excess weight.
Physical activity, medications and insulin injections plays an important role in the achievement of the objectives mentioned above. But the diet in the first place.
Examine the list of permitted and prohibited products of a low-carbohydrate diet. You can print and hang on the fridge, carry.
Then we compare the low-carbohydrate diet in the diabetes mellitus with "balanced", low in calories diet no. 9. Low carbohydrate diet allows you to maintain steady normal blood sugar, like healthy people, should not be greater than 5.5 mmol/l after every meal, as well as the morning on an empty stomach. This protects the diabetic development of vascular complications. Meter will show you that sugar is normalized, as in 2-3 days. In diabetes type 1 and 2 insulin dose down by 2 to 7 times. The patients of type 2 diabetes can be disposed of in the totality of the tablets.
The diet in diabetes mellitus: myths and truths
|The confusion||The truth|
|There is No special diet for diabetics. You can and should eat a little bit of everything.||You can eat any product, only if you are not concerned by the threat of the development of the complications of diabetes. If you want to live longer and with good health it is necessary to limit the consumption of carbohydrates. Still there is another way to prevent sugar spikes after meals.|
|You can eat all you want, and then turn off the horse racing sugar pills or insulin||Or pills that reduce the sugar, or injections of high doses of insulin does not help to avoid the rise in blood sugar after meals, as well as their jumps. The sick develop long-term vascular complications of diabetes. The higher the dose of the pills and the insulin levels, the more often it happens hypoglycemia, too low blood sugar. Is acute, life-threatening complication.|
|Diabetics can consume sugar in small amounts||Table sugar, including brown, enters the number of products prohibited for the low-carbohydrate diet. Also prohibited are all types of foods that contain. Even a few grams of sugar raise considerably the level of blood glucose in diabetics. Check by yourself by means of the provision of health care and make sure that in this.|
|Bread, potatoes, cereals, pasta, appropriate, and even necessary products||Bread, potatoes, cereals, pasta and other products, carbohydrate overload, quickly, and raise considerably the level of glucose in the blood. Stay away from all of the products included in the list of substances prohibited for the low-carbohydrate diet in diabetes type 1 and 2.|
|Complex carbohydrates - handy and simple - harmful||The so-called complex carbohydrates - are not less harmful than the simple. Because you quickly and increase blood glucose in diabetics. Measure your blood sugar after meals meter - and see for yourself. The drafting of the charter does not focus on the glycemic index. You have to hand the list of permitted and prohibited products, the reference in the previous section, and to use it.|
|Meats, eggs, butter - are harmful for the heart||Studies since 2010 have shown that the consumption of saturated animal fats actually do not increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Quietly eating meats, eggs, cheese, butter. In sweden, the official recommendations already confirm that animal fats are safe for the heart. In the queue, the rest of the western countries, and then in the Russian language.|
|You can say the margarine does not contain cholesterol||Margarine contains trans fats, which are really dangerous for the heart, unlike the naturally occurring fats of animal origin. Other foods that contain trans fats, mayonnaise, potato chips, factory pastries, any type of semi-finished products. To give them up. Cook the same healthy foods based on natural products, no trans-fats and chemical additives.|
|Fiber and fats inhibit the rise in blood sugar after meals||If to consume the products, overload of carbohydrates, some fiber and fats actually slow the rise in blood sugar after meals. But this effect, unfortunately, little. He does not save the jump of glucose in the blood, and the development of vascular complications of diabetes. Consuming products included in the list of prohibited substances, you can not under any view.|
|The fruits are useful||The sick of diabetes 2 type and 1 of the fruit, as well as the carrot and the beet, do more harm than good. The consumption of these foods increases the sugar and stimulates the increase of the mass of the body. Forget the fruit and berries they live longer and more healthy. Get the vitamins and minerals of the vegetables allowed low-carbohydrate diet.|
|Fructose is useful, it increases the sugar in the blood||The fructose reduces the sensitivity of tissues to insulin, a form of toxic end products of glycation", increases the level of "bad" cholesterol in the blood, as well as uric acid. This stimulates the droplet and the formation of stones in the kidneys. Perhaps, affects the appetite regulation in the brain, reduces the appearance of feelings of saturation. Do not eat fruits and "diabetes" products. Of them more harm than good.|
|Food protein causes kidney failure||Renal failure to patients with type 1 diabetes and type 2 causes the increase of sugar in the blood, and not of the foods of the protein. In the united states, in which it is grown beef, people eat much more protein which in the united states, in which the beef less and less available. However, the prevalence of kidney failure - in the same way. To normalize the imbalances in your sugar with the help of a low-carbohydrate diet, to slow the development of kidney failure.|
|It is necessary to eat special type of products||The products contain fructose as a sweetener instead of glucose. Why is it harmful fructose - commented above. Also these products often contain a large amount of flour. Stay away from the "educators" of the products. They are expensive and harmful to health. Also the patients of type 2 diabetes it is undesirable to use any of the sweeteners. Due to that the sugar substitutes, even those that contain no calories, they lose weight.|
|Children need carbohydrates for the development of the||Carbohydrates are not necessary, unlike the proteins and fats. If a child is sick of diabetes type 1, comply with a balanced diet, so that the delay in growth and development due to an increase of sugar. And the insulin pump, do not help. To ensure the normal development of the child, you must translate on a strict diet. Dozens of children with type 1 diabetes, since they normally live and develop, thanks to their low-carbohydrate of the diet, and in the west and the Russian-speaking countries. Many of them even manages to come out with the insulin.|
|Low carbohydrate diet leads to hypoglycemia||Low-carbohydrate diet that really could cause hypoglycemia, if not lower the dose of the pills and the insulin. Pills for type 2 diabetes, which can cause hypoglycemia, should be avoided completely. The dose of insulin decrease of 2 to 7 times, thus decreasing the risk of hypoglycemia.|
What products are healthy and which are harmful
Basic information - lists of admitted and prohibited foods for the low-carbohydrate diet. The diabetic diet is more strict than the similar choices of low-carbohydrate diet - kremliovskaya, the Atkins diet and Dukan. But and diabetes - the most serious disease that obesity or the metabolic syndrome. It can be controlled, only if you completely abandon the forbidden food, without making exceptions in the holidays, in the restaurant, to go on an excursion in which guests and travel.
The products listed below are DETRIMENTAL to patients with diabetes mellitus:
- brown risk;
- the whole grain pasta;
- whole-grain bread;
- of oats and other cereals;
- the corn;
- blueberries and other berries;
- the aguaturma.
All these products traditionally are considered healthy and useful. In reality, you are overwhelmed by the carbohydrates, increase the sugar in the blood and, therefore, do more harm than good. Do not eat it.
The herbal tea for diabetes - in the best of cases, useless. In the clandestine tablets that increase male potency, is often added to these powerful drugs, do not warning the buyers. This makes the men of the horse racing of the blood pressure and other side effects. In the same way and in the infusions of herbs and Badi diabetes can illegally add some kind of substances that reduce the blood sugar. In this case, these teas are exhausted, the pancreas, causing hypoglycemia.
Diet for diabetes type 2
The cause of type 2 diabetes is aggravated by the sensitivity of tissues to insulin - insulin resistance. Patients are usually not lower, and elevated insulin levels in the blood. In such a situation, complying with a balanced diet and make insulin injections is only to aggravate the problem. Low-carbohydrate diet in type 2 diabetes mellitus allows to normalize the glucose and insulin in the blood, to take control of insulin resistance.
Low calories diet for diabetes type 2 does not work, since the patients are not willing to tolerate the chronic hunger, even under penalty of development of complications. Sooner or later, with the diet to shed almost everything. This has devastating consequences for the health. Also the body in response to the restriction in energy intake slows down the metabolism. Weight loss becomes nearly impossible. In addition, in the chronic hunger, the patient feels apathy, the desire to fall into hibernation.
Low carbohydrate diet is the salvation for patients with type 2 diabetes. Guaranteed to normalize your blood sugar, even if you do not manage to lose weight. You can cancel the subscription of the tablets. The majority of patients do not need insulin injections. And of those to whom it is required, the doses are considerably reduced. Often measure your blood sugar meter - and quickly, make sure that the low-carbohydrate diet works, while diet no. 9 - no. This confirms the improvement of their well-being. Are normalized to the results of the analysis of blood for cholesterol and triglycerides.
The diet in type 1 diabetes mellitus
Medicine recommends that type 1 diabetics eat the same way as healthy people. It is harmful for the council, which has made people with disabilities, and killed tens of thousands of people. To bring down the rise in blood sugar after meals, doctors prescribe high doses of insulin, but that did not help. Now that you learned about the low-carbohydrate diet, you have the chance of avoiding disability and premature death. Type 1 diabetes - the most serious disease of type 2 diabetes. But the diet that is recommended officially, less strict.
In patients with type 1 diabetes, large amounts of carbohydrate foods and high doses of insulin act in an unpredictable way. They have different effects on the blood sugar in different days. The difference in the action of insulin can be from 2 to 4 times. Because of this, the sugar in the blood gallops, which causes the feeling of discomfort and the development of complications. The patients of type 2 diabetes is more easy, because in them is stored the production of insulin. She smooths out fluctuations, so that the blood sugar more stable.
However, for patients of type 1 diabetes, there is a way as to maintain stable, normal sugar. He is the strict compliance to the low-carbohydrate diet. That the less carbohydrate you eat, the less insulin you need to chop. Small doses of insulin (not to exceed 7 Q. to be a prick) they act in a predictable way. With the help of a low-carbohydrate diet and the exact calculation of the dose of insulin can cause sugar after eating was not higher than 5.5 mmol/l Also can maintain a stable normal during the day and in the morning on an empty stomach. This prevents the development of complications, given the possibility of living in fullness.
The possible causes of deterioration of well-being in the diet:
- the blood sugar too drastically decreased;
- your body has gone the excess fluid, and with it, minerals, electrolytes;
- bother constipation.
In order to compensate for the deficit of electrolytes, it is recommended to drink salty meat or chicken broth. For several days the body gets used to the new life, well-being, recover and improve. Do not try to limit the calorie content of the diet, while maintaining the diet.