A serious illness in the form of pancreatitis requires a careful treatment approach. In addition to the use of medications, it is also important to follow a diet.
Nutrition for pancreatitis is a strict combination of healthy foods, which should contribute to the rapid recovery of the pancreas.
Any load on a weak organ leads to a new exacerbation.
What are the criteria to determine
It is very important to detect the disease in time so that a chronic form does not arise. The acute form develops rapidly, with quite vivid symptoms.
The patient's condition deteriorates drastically and there are signs such as:
- Discharge of vomit with bile. At the same time, the patient does not feel relief.
- Constant nausea
- Dry mouth.
- Bitter belching
- Strong and sharp pain in the right upper quadrant. The location site can sometimes change. Everything will depend on the area of the injury. If the entire pancreas is affected, the pain may be shingles.
- Gastrointestinal tract disorders.
- Non-removable white plaque on the surface of the tongue.
- A rise in temperature is possible.
- Excessive sweating
- Pale skin
- State of shock.
- Sudden increases in blood pressure.
- Heart palpitations
When a person observes such symptoms in himself, he should immediately seek the help of a specialist. In serious condition, an ambulance is called to his home.
The essence of the diet
As such, nutrition begins at 3 days. This is sufficient to alleviate the maximum exacerbation. In the first days, there should be therapeutic fasting. Only rosehip broth is allowed.
With this type of disease, diet No. 5 is used most often. It has been developed for a long time by experienced professionals, especially for these patients.
Its main condition is more protein, less carbohydrates and fat. Food should be taken in frequent but small portions.
A person must give up foods that can increase acidity and activate the functioning of enzymes.
Diet No. 5 should last for about a year after a person has pancreatitis. In the case of the chronic form, there must be a special diet throughout later life.
Without such adherence to a diet, recovery is impossible. This is especially true during periods of exacerbation.
At such times, a person is haunted by excruciating and severe pain. To reduce its manifestation, only a strict diet is needed.
How to eat with pancreatitis? Basic rules to follow:
- You need to eat at least 6 times. In this case, the portions should be small.
- At the time of exacerbation, it is required to eat food only in the form of puree. It should be well cooked or steamed. This preparation has a mild effect.
- Steamed food retains more nutrients. In this way, it cannot harm the body.
- The temperature of the food must be strictly observed. Any change can negatively affect the health of the pancreas. Food should only be warm.
- Only small portions should be consumed. Overeating is stressful, both for the organ itself and for the entire digestive tract.
- The daily intake of carbohydrates is 350 grams, fat is 80 grams.
- The intervals between meals are 3 hours.
- Eliminate all fried, spicy, and smoked foods.
- Do not drink any liquids during meals.
- Each bite of food must be thoroughly chewed.
What to eat
It is good for the patient to learn to steam dishes and to get the most out of it. It is better to exclude fried and stewed foods.
Nutrition for pancreatitis includes:
- Steamed vegetables.
- Eggs in the form of a steamed omelette. Better to cook with protein.
- Low-fat meat and fish.
- It is not necessary to eat fresh berries and fruits, it will be much more useful to include them during cooking or baking. The most suitable fruits are sweet apples, bananas, pears. From berries it is better to use strawberries.
- Many types of cereals are also allowed. In particular, the diet should be rice and buckwheat.
- Soups made from vegetable or meat broths. However, they should not be too greasy. After boiling vegetables or meat, they can be diluted with water.
- Kissel. It is good for the patient to become more familiar with this category of food. They are very useful if you know what and how to cook them.
Only after the patient's condition has stabilized, the doctor can be expected to allow a few more items to be added to the menu.
In any case, the body must receive everything it needs. They are vitamins and microelements.
As for dairy products, their consumption is allowed even in acute form. At the same time, important conditions should be observed: fat content and freshness. When shopping in a store, the label contains the percentage of fat content of a particular product. It should not exceed 2. 5%. It is better if there is an opportunity to buy homemade kefir somewhere.
The chronic form of the disease involves a very diverse list of dishes and products.
During the chronic form, experts recommend following a protein diet.
Protein foods will allow the body to recover faster and the cells of the pancreas tissue will begin a serious regeneration.
Protein is the base and the rest is distributed equally between fats and carbohydrates. The energy value of food per day is 3000 kcal.
In this case, be sure to consume at least 150 grams of protein. The protein can also include animal origin. The more fortified the food, the better.
Allowed foods (dishes) for chronic inflammation:
- Vegetables and fruits: apples, corn, carrots, persimmons, carrots, strawberries, pears, cabbage. Use it raw, fresh, boiled, or steamed.
- Chicken meat.
- Low-fat dairy products.
- River fish.
- Steamed cutlets.
- Cereals: millet, semolina, rice, millet, buckwheat.
- Wheat bread. It is desirable that it was yesterday.
- Lean meat.
- Mashed potatoes.
- Low broth soups.
- Pumpkin porridge.
- Natural juices. To reduce its concentration, dilute with clean warm water.
- Mineral water.
- Fresh juices. In case of problems with the pancreas, potatoes, carrots and beets are considered the most promising and curative.
- Clear tea.
- Sweet lovers can eat honey. However, there is still a limitation. You should eat in small and rare doses, preferably after all the unpleasant symptoms disappear.
What you need to limit yourself
If pancreatitis is diagnosed, then you need to get used to the fact that some familiar, favorite, but often harmful ingredients will need to be excluded. These are:
- Rye bread.
- Fatty meat and fish.
- Acid berries and fruits: tangerines, lemons, grapes, oranges.
- Chocolate and other sweets.
- Canned food.
- Smoked products.
- Freshly made white bread and sweet pastries.
- Coffee. You can replace it with chicory. It also has an invigorating effect, but it has no negative effects on the pancreas. On the contrary, chicory root is very curative for this disease, if you know how to use it.
- Carbonated drinks.
All permitted beverages must be drunk before or after a meal. With pancreatitis, it is not recommended to drink food.
Diet therapy course
Many patients are concerned with the question: how long will the diet last? No one can give a definitive answer, since everything will depend on the individual characteristics of the organism and the course of the disease.
In the acute form, the patient is immediately admitted to the hospital. It is there that drugs will be prescribed that will normalize the patient's condition.
With severe pain in the first days of hospitalization, doctors unequivocally define therapeutic fasting.
The chronic form is characterized by a lifetime presence in the pancreas.
To protect themselves as much as possible from flare-ups of exacerbation, patients are periodically prescribed drug therapy.
It is very important to follow the dietary rules. Only in this case, you can count on a successful course of the disease and maximum comfort.
Chronic pancreatitis is usually treated even at the time of exacerbation at home. Only in some difficult situations are they diagnosed in a hospital.
At least 14 days are allotted for therapy in acute form. This does not at all mean that, upon returning home, a person can return to the previous usual diet.
The diet should be followed for at least another 6-8 months.
Although doctors recommend taking a closer look at this diet for life. At the very least, one person will protect themselves from new outbreaks. For many it will be a pleasant advantage: weight loss.
What can be eaten with pancreatitis? The attending physician must draw up the correct menu and determine certain products, focusing on different characteristics of the patient's condition. The options can be very diverse.
Most often, a person is prescribed diet number 5. It is more suitable for patients with pancreatitis.
If such food is prescribed, they try to diversify the menu as much as possible. For breakfast you can cook:
- Pumpkin and uzvar porridge.
- Infusion of low-fat cottage cheese and rosehip.
- Cheese with crackers and rosehip infusion.
- Beet salad and compote.
- Oatmeal with jelly.
- Steamed scrambled eggs and biscuit soft tea.
- Buckwheat porridge and mild tea.
- Baked apples with dried apricots.
- Boiled beets.
- Rice with raisins.
- Pumpkin and carrot puree.
- Beaten egg whites
- Carrot salad.
For lunch you can cook:
- Cottage cheese casserole.
- Soups with weak broth or borscht.
- Chicken cutlet.
- Fish with rice.
- Boiled beef.
- Naval macaroni.
- Vegetable roll.
- Sandwiches with cheese and butter.
- Fruit jelly.
- Baked potatoes.
- Non-acid berry kissel.
- Fruit pudding.
- Bean puree.
The last date of the night can include:
- Vinaigrette and yogurt.
- Applesauce and plain plain yogurt.
- Rice pudding and yogurt.
- Rice with raisins and varenets.
- Boiled cauliflower and yogurt. It is good if it is a homemade fermented dairy product.
- Steamed protein omelette and fermented baked milk.
- Zucchini caviar and 1% kefir.
Nutrition for the acute form of the disease.
At the peak of the exacerbation, the patient will have to completely abandon the use of any food. At this point, only drinking water is allowed. It is advisable to prepare a rosehip decoction.
Drink 5 glasses a day. Alkaline mineral water is also suitable. Reception is carried out throughout the day for 1 glass 4-5 times.
In severe cases, nutrition is done by dripping through the veins. It lasts 2 days.
After the exacerbation has cleared, the patient is instructed on additional nutrition. The menu should include only low calorie foods.
They start consuming food in very small doses and watch health status closely. Loading on the pancreas should not be allowed.
From the second week they begin to dilute the diet. You can enter:
- Vegetables and fruits high in antioxidants.
- Freshly squeezed and diluted juices.
- Green Tea.
- Liquid porridge.
- White chicken meat.
- Various protein-rich foods.
If you adhere to proper nutrition, soon the patient will notice a positive development of the treatment.